Most of the time when working in web development there will be two types of operating systems, Windows based Server vs Linux based Server. When you hear Linux Server and Windows Server, you are just hearing what operating system the server is running on. This is a big deal if you have certain expectations. Usually you will have the question, which one is better? There really isn’t an answer to this. It is more on the developer and what he is trying to accomplish.
BOTH OPERATING SYSTEMS COMMON FEATURES
Linux Web Hosting is probably the most used server operating system in the market. Most developers love Linux because it will support PHP and MySQL perfectly. And the plus side of these great features is that Linux, PHP and MySQL is all FREE! They cost nothing, they are all open source applications.
PHP and MySQL can be coded together to make anything possible. PHP can run on different platforms like Windows, but most of the time it is ran through Linux. They use the same tags and attributes as HTML, but you can include functions and scripts to run through the server. Making Dynamic pages that will pull data, insert data, or modify data in a MySQL table. PHP can also support different tables such as Oracle, Sybase, Solid, PostgreSQL, Generic ODBC.
WINDOWS SYSTEM SERVER
Which one to go with. It really matters on what coding language you are going to develop with. Most Web Developers will code on a Linux Server, usually coding with PHP and MySQL. Some have moved to ASP coding language that is only supported on a Windows Server.
Windows Web Hosting has become more and more popular as web developers look into ASP. ASP is a server coding language that is only supported on a Windows Server. ASP stands for Active Server Pages which is a free component with Windows 2000. It can also be found in the Windows NT 4.0 Option Pack.
ASP coding language is a lot like an HTML file. This will contain different tabs and attributes as HTML or XML. What makes ASP different from HTML is that the request is read through the server and executes the ASP function or script of the file. A HTML will just return the file, not running any functions. ASP can also link to different Database languages, to make dynamic pages and insert, modify, and store data in databases.
SECURITY ISSUES VS CONCERNS
One quick thought about both Linux and Windows servers is which is better for security. Security is one of your biggest concerns when having a website and even more when you have an e-commerce store. The sad thing about this topic is that it is an argument that will never be solved. It all comes down to who wants in. They both have security problems. The best way to prevent anything from happening is having a good web administrator or a good web hosting company. Having one or both will keep you at ease.
WHICH WEB OPERATING SYSTEM IS BETTER?
Some over all neither is better than the other. There are just some advantages and disadvantages of both. Finding what you website needs is the decision maker. Windows or Linux can both be used for your advantage. Some web developers love to use one or the other because of what they are use to. Some web developers only use one or the other because of the coding language they will be using. Remember there is pros and cons to both, but the website is made by the web developer, not the Web Server Operating System.
NOTE: personally chose LINUX based servers.